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Introduction Margashirsha Paush Magha
Sheetala Asthami Ashokashthami Ramnavami
Jyaishtha Asthami Janmasthami Radha Asthami
Durvaastami Navratra / Durga Puja

The Hindu month is divided into two fortnights or Pakshas, and 30 lunar days (tithiyan). The first fortnight is the Shukla Paksha or the bright fortnight begins with the new moon. The dark fortnight or the Krishna Paksha begins and ends with the full moon.

The 12 lunar months make only 354 solar days so there is an adhik mas or extra month after every 30 lunar months. This leap month is generally either Ashadha or Shravan, and is known as second Ashadha or Shravan. The Hindu New Year begins with Chaitra (March-April). The 12 months of the Hindu Calendar are as under:

1. Chaitra : March-April
2. Vaisakh : April-May
3. Jyaishtha : May-June
4. Ashadh : June-July
5. Shravan : July-August
6. Bhadrapada : August-September
7. Ashvina : September-October
8. Kartik : October-November
9. Margshirsha : November-December
10. Paush : December-January
11. Magha : January-February
12. Phalgun : February-March.

The 15 days of both the bright and dark fortnights of each month are called:

Pratipada : the first day of a lunar fortnight
Dvitiya : the second day of a lunar fortnight
Tritiya : the third day of a lunar fortnight
Chaturthi : the fourth day of a lunar fortnight
Panchami : the fifth day of a lunar fortnight
Shashthi : the sixth day of a lunar fortnight
Saptami the seventh day of a lunar fortnight
Asthami : the eighth day of a lunar fortnight
Navami : the tenth day of a lunar fortnight
Ekadashi : the eleventh day of a lunar fortnight
Dvadashi the twelfth day of a lunar fortnight
Triyodashi the thirteenth day of a lunar fortnight
Chaturdashi the fourteenth day of a lunar fortnight
Purnima : the fifteenth day of a lunar fortnight
Amavasya the sixteenth day of a lunar fortnight

According to the Hindu almanac, there are six Ritus or Seasons. A group of two months mark a Season. The six seasons are:

1. Vasant or Spring : March-May
2. Greeshm or Summer : May-July
3. Varsha or Rainy : July-September
4. Sharad or Autumn : September-November
5. Hemant or Winter : November-January
6. Shishir or Cool Season : January-March

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