mayy asakta-manah partha
The Blessed Lord said:
1. Listen, O Partha, how, with your mind clinging to Me, and taking refuge in Me and practicing yoga, you will know Me in full, free from doubt.
jnanam te 'ham sa-vijnanam
2. I shall teach you in full this knowledge combined with realization, which being known, nothing further shall remain for you to know.
3. Among thousands of men scarcely one strives for perfection, and of those who strive and succeed, scarcely one knows Me in truth.
bhumir apo 'nalo vayuh
4. Earth, water, fire, air, ether, mind, intellect and egoism; thus is My prakriti [energies] divided eightfold.
apareyam itas tv anyam
5. This is My lower prakriti, but different from it, know, O mighty-armed, My higher prakriti - the life element by which this universe is upheld.
6. Know that these two are the womb of all beings. I am the origin and dissolution of the whole universe.
mattah parataram nanyat
7. There is nothing whatsoever higher than Me, O Dhananjaya [conqueror of wealth]. All this is strung on Me, as rows of gems [pearls] on a string.
raso 'ham apsu kaunteya
8. I am the taste of water, O son of Kunti; I am, the radiance in moon and sun; I am the syllable Om in all the Vedas; sound in ether and manliness in man.
punyo gandhah prthivyam ca
9. I am the fragrance in earth and the brilliance in fire; I am the life in all beings and the austerity in ascetics.
bijam mam sarva-bhutanam
10. Know Me, O Partha, as the eternal seed of all beings; I am the intelligence of the intelligent; the splendor of the splendid.
balam balavatam caham
11. I am the strength of the strong devoid of desire and passion. In beings I am desire, not contrary to dharma, O chief of the Bharatas.
ye caiva sattvika bhava
12. And whatever beings are of Sattva, of Rajas or of Tamas, [goodness, passion or ignorance] know them to proceed from Me; still I am not in them, on the contrary they are in Me.
tribhir guna-mayair bhavair
13. Deluded by these threefold dispositions of Prakriti- the Gunas, this world does not know Me, who am above them and immutable.
daivi hy esa guna-mayi
14. Verily this divine illusion of Mine, made up of the Gunas, is hard to surmount; but those who take refuge in Me alone, they cross over the illusion.
na mam duskrtino mudhah
15. The evildoers, the deluded, the lowest of men, deprived of discrimination by Maya and following the way of the Asuras, do not seek refuge in Me.
catur-vidha bhajante mam
16. Four types of virtuous men worship Me, O Arjuna: the man in distress, the man seeking knowledge, the man seeking wealth and the man imbued with wisdom [inquisitive], O best of the Bharatas.
tesam jnani nitya-yukta
17. Of these, the wise man, ever steadfast and devoted to the One, excels; for, supremely dear am I to the wise and he is dear to Me.
udarah sarva evaite
18. Noble indeed are all these; but the wise man, I deem, to be My very Self. For, steadfast in mind, he is established in Me alone, as the supreme goal.
bahunam janmanam ante
19. At the end of many births, the man of wisdom takes refuge in Me, realizing that Vasudeva is the cause of all causes and all that is. Rare indeed is that great soul.
kamais tais tair hrta-jnanah
20. But those whose discrimination has been led astray by this or that desire go to other gods, following this or that rite, according to their own natures.
yo yo yam yam tanum bhaktah
21. Whatever forms any devotee with faith wishes to worship, I make that faith of his steady.
sa taya sraddhaya yuktas
22. Endowed with that faith, he engages in the worship of that form, and from it he obtains his desires, which are being actually ordained by Me alone.
antavat tu phalam tesam
23. But the fruit that accrues to those men of small intellect is finite [limited and temporary]. The worshippers of gods go to the gods; My devotees come to Me.
avyaktam vyaktim apannam
24. Men of poor understanding think of Me, the unmanifest, as having manifestation, not knowing My supreme state - immutable [imperishable] and unsurpassed
naham prakasah sarvasya
25. I am not revealed to all, as I am veiled by yoga Maya [internal potency]. This deluded world knows Me not, the Unborn, the Unchanging.
26. I know, O Arjuna, everything that has happened in the past, all that is happening in the present and all that the future has to come, but no one knows Me.
27. By the delusion of the pairs of opposites arising from desire and aversion, all beings, O Bharata, are subject to illusion at birth, O harasser of foes.
yesam tv anta-gatam papam
28. But those men of virtuous deeds whose sins have come to an end, who are freed from the delusion of the pairs of opposites, worship Me remaining steadfast in their vows.
29. Those who take refuge in Me and strive for deliverance from decay [old age] and death, they realize in full that Brahman, the individual self and all karma.
30. Those who realize Me in the Adhibhuta [governing principle of the material manifestation], in the Adhidaiva [governing all the demigods] and in the Adhiyajna [governing all the methods of sacrifice], they of steadfast mind realize Me even in the hour of death.
In the Upanishad of the Bhagavad Gita, the knowledge of Brahman, the Supreme, the science of Yoga and the dialogue between Sri Krishna and Arjuna, this is the seventh discourse designated:
THE YOGA OF KNOWLEDGE AND REALIZATION